Gall stone is a stone-like mass formed in bile or gall bladder, it is usually of cholesterol. The gall bladder is an organ connected to your liver where bile is stored which helps the body to deal with fats . The gall bladder is a pouch that stores bile and green-yellow liquid which help in process of digestion. A gall bladder stone is a stone-like object that is formed in the gall bladder or bile duct which is a pipe-like system within the liver. The size of gall stone is from grains of sand to golf ball size. Stone may vary in size from the body to body. The tiny size of the gall stone give more trouble because it may move from the gall bladder but in the case of a large piece of stone, it will stay in the gall bladder. Although both the stone whether large or tiny will create trouble for your body.
Types of Gall Bladder Stone
No matter stone is of any type it creates difficulty when it starts developing in your body. Mainly there are two types of stone that are
Cholesterol – cholesterol type of stone is the most common stone seen in the human body. It is so because this type of stone is made up of fatty substances. Consuming a high amount of fatty food is harmful to the body. It is very necessary to maintain your cholesterol level. The Colour of the stone is greenish in color.
Pigment stone – pigment stone is made up of bilirubin. Too much bilirubin can leak into the bloodstream which later turns even into yellowish color which is commonly known as jaundice.
Causes of Gall Bladder Stone
• If your gall bladder doesn’t empty correctly
• Your bile may contain too much cholesterol
• Gall bladder stones are also formed when your body is overweight.
• People who have a biliary infection can also cause gall bladder stones.
• Hereditary blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia are more likely to form pigment gall bladder stones
• Excessive dieting and consumption of high-level cholesterol food is a major reason to form gall bladder stones.
Symptoms of Gall Bladder Stones
The common symptoms seen in the patient body are as follows –
• Pain in the right side of the abdomen
• Formation of gas
• Pain in the back between shoulder blades
• Intolerance to fatty foods
• Nausea and vomiting
• Indigestion (problem indigestion )
If anyone has these symptoms Consult one of the Best Gastroenterologist Surgeon.
Who is at Risk of Gall Bladder Stones?
Most people who consume high cholesterol can be affected early by gall bladder stones. And other people who are at the risk of gall stone is –
1. Overweight men and women
2. People in their 30’s and 40’s have a risk of gallstone
3. Person who reduce weight rapidly
4. Pregnancy women
5. Women who had taken prolonged birth control pills.
How We Can Diagnosis Gall Bladder Stones?
The most common way to diagnose gall stone is –
• Blood Test
• Abdominal Ultrasound
• Coagulation Profile
• Magnetic resonance cholangitis pencretography
• HIDA Scan
• Liver Function Test
Advantages of Laparoscopic Gall Bladder Surgery
The common advantage of laparoscopic surgery are as follows –
1. Small incision
2. Low blood loss
3. Less pain than open surgery
4. Patient can move his or her home within one day
5. Fast recovery time
Complications in having Gall Bladder Stones
• Jaundice due to blockage in the common bile duct
• Pain in the abdominal area
• Vomiting and nausea
• Associated with cancer of gall bladder in long term
• Swelling on the pancreas