The stomach is a muscular organ situated at the left side of the upper abdomen. The stomach receives and holds the food you eat and helps in the process of digestion. Stomach cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cells in the stomach. Stomach cancer can affect any part of the stomach and it is also known as gastric cancer. Mostly the gastric cancer is observed in the main part that is the stomach.

Symptoms of Stomach Cancer

Common symptoms seen in patients having stomach cancer are
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Loss of appetite
• Pain in stomach and in the abdomen area
• Blood in stools
• Feeling bloated after eating food
• Heartburn
• Weight loss
• Indigestion
• Hard to swallow food

Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer

There are several risk factors that increase the stomach cancer that is as follows:-
• Smoking
• Obesity
• Diet high in fats and low in fruits and vegetables
• Heredity of stomach cancer or history of having polyps in the stomach causes gastric cancer
• Long term stomach gastritis
• Stomach surgery
• High consumption of alcohol and tobacco

Causes of Stomach Cancer

Many factors are responsible to cause stomach cancer. 

Some of them include –
1. History of surgery of ulcer in the stomach can c build cancer in your body.
2. Place of work such as rubber, coal, metal, and timbers can lead to a serious gastric cancer issue
3. Your overweight can also in future lead towards cancer in the stomach
4. Pernicious anemia
5. Polyps found in the stomach can cause cancer
6. Genetic mutation in the cells of the stomach.
7. Improper diet that is consuming fatty food and smoked diet also reach cancer.

Prevention to Stomach Cancer

A patient suffering from stomach cancer can take care of their weight, the diet must take a proper nonsmoked diet. Patients should also avoid consuming tobacco, alcohol, and smoking.

Treatment for Gastric Cancer

Stomach cancer can also be cured by surgery as well as some therapy. Following are some surgery which is preform by the best surgeons –
1. Removal of the tumors from the inner lining of the stomach surgically and is called endoscopic mucosal resection.
2. Subtotal gastrectomy refers to the surgical procedure in which a portion of the stomach is removed by the surgeons.
3. Total gastrectomy refers to surgery that will remove the entire stomach.

Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Immunotherapy, and target therapy are some of the therapy which can cure gastric cancer. After treatment, your surgeon will ask you to avoid oily food and provide you with the process of medication.