Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroid – made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connecting tissue, is one fibroid that mostly does not cause any serious health damage to the human body. The fibroid is mostly benign in nature but may begin as cancerous. They may or may not show symptoms. Uterine fibroid is the most common type of tumor found in the reproductive tract. The cause of this fibroid is unknown, but researches have shown that they may be due to some genetic component involved but no external factor has yet been identified. Fibroid risk is more with women of a certain age, having a family history, of a specific ethnicity, and those who are obese. Women around the age of 40, nearing menopause, are more prone to the fibroid and so are women of African-American Origin. Obesity has known to be the major factor for fibroid and the risk factor almost triples with obese women.

There are three main types of fibroid in the reproductive tract.

submucosal Fibroid is an uncommon fibroid with a stalk, grows in the open space of the uterus.

intramural Fibroids are found in the muscular walls of the uterus.

lSubserosal Fibroid is the most common type of fibroid found in the reproductive tract. They push into the pelvis from outside of the uterus. They may grow large but usually are small in size. Like the submucosal fibroid, they may also sometimes have a stalk and attaches itself to the uterus (pedunculated fibroid).

Uterine Fibroid mostly doesn’t have any specific symptoms but there are symptoms that might point you towards a fibroid development in your reproductive tract. Let’s look into some common symptoms for fibroid when they are large or numerous in number, so that even though they are supposed to be harmless it is better to be observant and consult a competent authority, like the Chaitanya Hospital the best gynecology hospital in Chandigarh for women and child care. Below are listed some symptoms of Fibroid which may help you identify if you are having fibroid in your uterus.

1.Prolonged periods

2.Bleeding between periods

3.Low back pain

4.Pelvic pain and pressure

5.Frequent urination

6.Pain during intercourse

7.Difficulty in getting pregnant

Fibroid can be diagnosed through various methods like Ultrasound, MRI, Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, Hysterosongram, and HSG. Through these methods, the doctor is able to see or take an image of the inside of a uterus and make a medical diagnosis about the area. This helps the doctor in giving the appropriate advice about fibroid presence, its type, and treatment.

Most of the fibroid shrinks by itself and is not harmful to the body, so most doctors just advise observation rather than treatment. They will advise treatment based on a few factors listed below for fibroid needing active treatment.

1.Age

2.Symptoms

3.Fertility goals

4.Number and size of the fibroid

5.Any health abnormality due to fibroid

6.Previous fibroid treatment

The treatments may include either surgical or non-surgical methods depending on the size, numbers of fibroid inside the uterus, health issues caused by the fibroid, age, and fertility goals. As most of the fibroid is harmless they are mostly just kept under observation, medical therapy (hormonal or non-hormonal), Uterine artery embolization, or other alternative therapy. Invasive methods may include fibroid removal and Hysterectomy.

The best way to keep track of your fibroid if you have a history or have symptoms similar to that mentioned above is to contact the top gynecologist in the best gynecology hospital in all of Central India – Chaitanya Hospital.